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Component Learning

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Electronic components are basic electronic element or electronic parts usually packaged in a discrete form with two or more connecting leads or metallic pads. Electronic Components are intended to be connected together, usually by soldering to a printed circuit board (PCB), to create an electronic circuit with a particular function.

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Remote Control Switch
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Eugene Shamaev

Infrared Remote Control Switch Circuit

Remote controls, specially cordless type, are very popular nowadays. Here is a simple and cost-effective cordless remote control circuit which is based on infrared rays.
Figs 1and 2 shows transmitter and receiver circuit respectively.The transmitter produces infrared rays that can be easily transmitted up to four metres with a special convex lens or a twin LED arrangement.
IC1 (741) in the transmitter is wired as a high frequency square wave oscillator which provides the gate pulse for SCR1. As soon as output current of IC1 flows through SCR1 (SN050 or equivalent), it conducts and enables the LED to emit infrared rays. Output frequency of IC1 can be varied with the help of VR1, which in turn varies the output radiations of the LED.
When infrared rays fall on phototransistor T1 of the receiver, it produces charge carriers at a rate depending on the rate of arrival of incident radiations at the pn junction of the transistor. The resulting emitter voltage is amplified by using IC2 and rectified by D2. The signal is amplified by T2 to drive the relay.
R1 100kΩ
R2 100kΩ
R3 1kΩ
R4 15Ω
R5 1kΩ
R6 22kΩ
R7 10MΩ
R8 1kΩ
VR2 2.2MΩ
C1 0.1µF
C2 0.1µF
C3 1µF 100V
C4 0.1µF
C5 2.2µF (NON. POL).
D2 1n4001
D3 1N4001
T2 SL100
IC1 741
IC2 741
RL1 15V 500Ω RELAY
By vary VR2, one can match detection freguency of the receiver with transmiting frequency of the transmitter.
Statement: This post is only the personal view of the author and does not represent the opinions of


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