Thank you very much for your valuable suggestion! We will solve it as soon as possible!

PCB Manufacturing

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PCB manufacturing consists of many steps, such as PCB CAM, Panelization, Copper patterning, etc. This group is mainly talked about the problems during PCB manufacturing!

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How to calculate impedance
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How to calculate the impedance of a trace on the top layer when the solder mask has a dk of 4.5 and a thickness of 25um and the core beneath the trace has dk of 3.5 and a thickness of 2.54mm.
Statement: This post is only the personal view of the author and does not represent the opinions of

Albert Basson

What I used sometimes is the Er which is in the middle between the two Ers or I use the Er value of the thinner dielectricum which is placed closer to the reference plane. But the value is always not so right, so it is better to ask your PCB manufacturer.


What you need is one of the reasons why it is important to ask PCB manufacturer to provide the final stackup and track geometry. They can calculate the values more precisely.

Vojtek Gábor

I have learned a lot from your article. Quite useful and impressive info.

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